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小学六年级英语毕业复*资料

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小学六年级英语毕业复*资料 (一)时态
一、一般现在时: 表示经常性、规律性*惯性的动作或现在存 在的状态。 结构: 1. 动作词一般用原形,但如果是第三人称单数时(如Tony ,he ,she ),动作词用第三人称单数形式,即加s 或 es ; 在主语前加do, does帮助疑问句,后面的动词用原形; 在动作词前加don’t, doesn’t 帮助否定句,后面的动词用 原形。 2. 句子中没动作词时,用be动词:is , am , are ; is , am , are 放在主语前帮助疑问句; is , am , are 后面加上not帮助否定句。 3. 情态动词can, may, should,must引起的句子是一般现在时,后面
接动词用原形;

can, may, should,must 放在主语前帮助疑问句,后面接动词 用原形; can, may, should, must后面加上not帮助否定句,后面接 动词用原形。 4. 肯定祈使:动词原形 + 其它 否定祈使句:Don’t +动词原形 + 其它 5.感叹句: What a mess! What a beautiful desert! What beautiful
flowers! ——What+(形)名
How beautiful! How beautiful the flower is! How beautiful the flowers are! ——

How+形

A. 肯定句:(非第三人称单数)主语+V+其它 We come from China. (第三人称单数)主语+Vs+其它 He comes from China. 主语+be (is, am, are)+其它 We are from China.
主语+情态动词(can, may, should, must)+V+其它

She must go.

  B. 否定句:(非第三人称单数)主语+don’t +V+其它 We don’t come
from China.
( 第三人称单数 )

主语+doesn’t +V+其它

He doesn’t come from China.

主语+be (is, am, are) not+其它 I aren’t from China. 主语+情态动词(can, may, should, must)+not +V+其它 C.一般疑问句:Do +(非第三人称单数)主语+V+其它 Do you come from China? Does +(第三人称单数)主语+Vs+其它 Does he
come from China?

be (Is, Am, Are)+主语+其它 China?

Are you from

情态动词(Can, May, Should, Must)+主语+ V+其它

She can’t go. D.特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+do +(非第三人称单数)主语+V+其它
you come from? from?

Where do

特殊疑问词 +does +( 第三人称单数 ) 主语 +Vs+ 其它 Where does he come 特殊疑问词 +be (is, am, are)+ 主语 + 其它 Where are you from? 特殊疑问词 + 情态动词 (Can, May, Should, Must)+ 主语 + V+ 其它

Can she go?

二、现在进行时: 表示现在正在进行的动作。 结构: 1. be动词( is , am , are) + 动词ing (现在分词); is , am , are 放在主语前帮助疑问句,后面的动词加ing; is , am , are 后面加上not帮助否定句,后面的动词加ing。 A. 肯定句:主语+be(is, am, are)+Ving+其它 They are coming here. B. 否定句:主语+be(is, am, are)+not +Ving+其它 They aren’t coming here. C. 一般疑问句:be(Is, Am, Are)+主语+ Ving+其它 Are
they coming here?

D . 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+ be(is, am, are)+主语+ Ving+其它 What are they doing? 三、一般过去时:表示过去某个时间里发生了的动作或状 态。 结构: 1. 动作词用过去式(ed ) ; 在主语前加did帮助疑问句,后面的动词用原形; 在动作词前加didn’t帮助否定句,后面的动词用原形。 2. 句子中没动作词时,用be动词的过去式:was , were; was , were 放在主语前帮助疑问句; was , were后面加上not帮助否定句。 A. 肯定句:主语+Ved+其它 We came from China 主语+be (was, were)+其它 We were from China. B. 否定句:主语+didn’t +V +其它 We didn’t come from China. 主语+be (was, were) +not+其它 We weren’t from China. C.一般疑问句:Did +主语+V +其它 Did you come from China? be (Was, Were)+主语+其它 Were you from China? D.特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+ did +主语+V +其它 Where did you from? 特殊疑问词+ be (was, were)+主语+其它 Where were from? 四、一般将来时:表示将来某个时间的动作或状态。 结构: 1. be going to + 动词原形 is , am , are 放在主语前帮助疑问句; is , am , are 后面加上not帮助否定句。 2. will+ 动词原形 will放在主语前帮助疑问句,后面接动词用原形; will后面加上not帮助否定句,后面接动词用原形。 A. 肯定句:主语+will +V +其它 He will dig a hole. 主语+ be going to +V +其它 He is going to dig a hole.    B. 否定句:主语+will not +V +其它 He won’t dig a

hole.

主语+ be not going go +V +其它

He isn’t going

to dig a hole.    C.一般疑问句:Will+主语+V+其它 hole?
hole?

Will he dig a

Be(Is, Am, Are) +主语going to +V+其它 Is he going to did a

   D.特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+will+主语+V+其它 What will he do?
特殊疑问词 +be(is, am, are) + 主语 going to +V+ 其它

What is he going to

do?

五、过去进行时:表示过去某时正在进行的动作。结构: 1. be动词( was, were) + 动词ing; was, were 放在主语前帮助疑问句,后面的动词加ing; was, were后面加上not帮助否定句,后面的动词加ing。 A. 肯定句:主语+be(was, were)+Ving He was digging a hole. B. 否定句:主语+be(was, were)+not +Ving He wasn’t digging a hole. C. 一般疑问句:be(Was, Were)+主语+ Ving Was he digging a hole? D . 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+ be(was, were)+主语+ Ving What
was he doing

(二)时态意义与结构一览表: 时 时态 意义 态 与
1.表示 现在的 状态。 动 主语 词 三单 be 动 I 词 you, 复 动词形式 肯定句 is am are can +V 2. 表示 否定句 (特殊)疑问句 is not am not are not can not +V
(疑问词) is

常用时间

+主语

(疑问词)am+主语 (疑问词)are+主语 (疑问词)can

always, often, usually, sometimes, ever, never,

+主语+V

一 般 现 在 时

经常性 *惯性 的动 作、兴 趣爱好 或能 力。

情 所有 态 主语 动 词

may +V must +V should
+V

may not +V must not +V should not +V doesn’t +V don’t +V Don’t be Don’t +V

(疑问词)may+主语+V

in the morning’ in the afternoon, in the evening,

(疑问词)must+主语+V (疑问词)should+主语+V (疑问词)does (疑问词)do

at night, on Sunday, every
once a week, twice a month, 3 times a year

行 三单 为 动 非三 词 单 3.祈使 句 be 无
行 为

Vs V Be V

+主语+V

+主语+V

Be quick. Don’t be worried. Listen to me. Don’t push.



4.感叹 句

What a mess! What a beautiful desert! What beautiful flowers!
How beautiful! How beautiful the flower is! How beautiful the flowers are! 单— was be you 动 词 复+you were 行 为
所有主 语

一 般 过 去 时
现 在 进 行 时

表示过 去了的 动作或 状态。

was not were not didn’t +V is not +Ving am not +Ving are not +Ving was
not

(疑问词) was

+主语 yesterday,
this morning, before that, last…

(疑问词)were+主语

Ved is +Ving am +Ving are +Ving was

(疑问词)did

+主语+V

三单 表示现 在正在 进行的 动作。 行 为 I 动 词 you, 复 单—

(疑问词) is

+主语+Ving now, Listen! Look! Where’s

(疑问词)am+主语+Ving (疑问词)are+主语+Ving

过 表示过

去 进 行 时

去某时 正在进 行的动 作。

行 为

you

+Ving

+Ving

(疑问词)was+主语+Ving

yesterday
this morning at that time at nine …

复+you

were
were +Ving not +Ving (疑问词)were+主语+Ving

be

一 般 将 来 时

行 表示 为 将要 发生 三单 的动 行 作或 为 状 2 I 动 态。 词 you, 复

1

所有 主语

will+ be Will+ V
is going to+V am
to+V going

won’t+ be won’t +V
is not going to+V am not going to+V are not going to+V

(疑问词)will+主语+ (疑问词)Will+主语+

be V tomorrow,
this evening, later, in a minute, after that, next…

(疑问词)is+主语going to+V

(疑问词)am+主语going to+V

are to+V

going

(疑问词)are+主语going to+V

(三)句子的分类 1. 陈述句 A.肯定陈述句:① 主语+be+其它+句号 ②主语+V(Vs, Ved)+其它+句号 ③主语+情态动词+V+其它+句号 B.否定陈述句: ① 主语+be not +其它+句号 ②主语+don’t(doesn’t, didn’t)+V+其它+句号 ③ 主语+情态动词+not+V+其它 +句号 2. 疑问句 A.一般疑问句:①be+主语+其它+问号 ②Do(Does,Did)+主语+V+其它

+问号 ③情态动词+主语+V+其它+问号 B.特殊疑问句:①特殊疑问词+be+主语+其它+问 号 ②特殊疑问词+do(does,did) 语+V+其它+问号 ③特殊疑问词+情态动词+主语 +V+其它+问号 3.祈使句 A.肯定祈使句:动词(原形)+其他+标点 B.否定祈使句:Don’t+动词(原形)+其他+标点
4.感叹句: What a mess! What a beautiful desert! What beautiful flowers!
What+(形)名
How beautiful! How beautiful the flower is! How beautiful the flowers are! —How+形

陈述句
句子中有be动 词is,am, are, was,were的: 1.I’m ten. 2.They are red. 3.It’s nine o’clock.

(四)句式变换的方法 改否定句 改一般疑问句 划线部分提 问
在be动词 将be动词is,am, is,am, are,was,were放在 are,was,were 句子前面: 后面加上 not: I’m not ten. They aren’t red. It’s not nine Are you ten? Are they red? Is it nine o’clock? Was she at home? 用相应的疑问词 替换划线部分提 问,再写is,am, are,was,were How old What color they? What time

1

4. She was at home. 5.They were crying.

o’clock. She Were they crying? wasn’t at home. They weren’t crying. 将在情态动词放 在句子前面:

Where was she? What were they doing?
用相应的疑问词替换划 线部分提问,再写再写 情态动词

2

句子中有情态 在情态动词后 面加上not: 动词的: She can draw. She draw.

can’t Can she draw?
在句子前面加助动 词do, does,didn’t 被帮的动词用原 形:

What can she
用相应的疑问词替换划 线部分提问,再加助动 词do, does,didn’t被帮的 动词用原形:

3

句子中只有行 在行为动词前 加don’t, 为动词的: doesn’t,didn’t
被帮的动词用 原形:

I like pears. He likes ants. Ben has a bike. Lisa got a puppy.

I don’t like Do you like pears? What do you like? does he like? pears. Does he like ants? What Who has a bike?(注
He doesn’t like Does Ben have a bike? 意) ants. Did Lisa get a puppy? What did Lisa get?
Ben doesn’t have a bike. Lisa didn’t get a puppy.

(五)描写天气的句型
A. There be+名词, There will be+名词。(名词:snow, wind, rain, cloud, sun) 如:There is rain. There was rain. There will be rain. B. It be+形容词,It will be+形容词。(形容词:snowy, windy, rainy, cloudy, sunny, hot,, cold,

warm, cool, fine)

如:It is rainy. 如:It rains.

It was rainy. It rained.

It will be rainy. It+ will +V。(名词:snow, wind, rain) It is raining. It will rain.

C. It +Vs或Ved, It+be +Ving 表格表示如下: 词性 问句 一般现在 时 现在进行 时

一般过去 时

过去进行 一般将来时 时 What will the weather be like tomorrow? There will be rain. There will be snow. It will be rainy. It will be snowy. It was raining. It
was snowing.

What’s the weather like today? 名 词 There is rain. There is snow.

What was the weather like yesterday?



There was rain. There
was snow.



形 容 词 动 词

It is rainy. It was It is rainy. It snowy. was snowy. It is raining. It is snowing. It rains. It snows. It rained. It snowed.

It will rain. It will snow.

(六)形容词比较级和最高级
1. 形容词比较级:1. 指两个人或物相对比。 2. 标志词:than 3. much 用来修饰形容词比较级,放在比较级前面。 4. 事物之间的比较用What, Which; 人物之间比较用Who

如: He is taller than me. He is much taller than me. beautiful than me.

She is much more

二.形容词最高级:1. 指三个或三个以上的人或物作对比 2. 标志词: in, of 3. 最高级前面一般加定冠词the 如:He is the tallest of the three. He is the tallest in our class.

(七)缩写与分写
1. (not缩写成---n’t或---’t ) isn’t =is not aren’t=are not don’t=do not doesn’t=does didn’t=did not not

wasn’t=was not weren’t=were not mustn’t=must not shouldn’t=should not can’t=can not

2. (is缩写成---’s) he’s=he is she’s=she is it’s=it is name’s=name is that’s=that is what’s=what is who’s=who is where’s=where is how’s=how is Tony’s=Tony is 3. (are缩写成---’re) they’re=they are we’re=we are you’re=you are there’re=there are who’re=who are what’re=what are where’re=where are 4 . 其它I’m =I am Let’s =Let us won’t=will not 注:月份与星期缩写形式用单词前面三个字母。 如:Sunday=Sun. January=Jan. am not 不能写成amn’t this is 不能写成 this’s

(七)一些特殊词或词组的用法
一.冠词a, an, the 的用法。 1. 不定冠词 a 、an :用于单数可数名词之前,表示未被特指 的或第一次被提到的人或物;a用于辅音音素前,an用于元

音音素前。 __book __desk __apple __orange __uncle __unicorn __umbrella __eraser __idea __hour __house __red __apple __elk __old book __good idea __island __airplane __English teacher 2. 定冠词 the :用于所有名词前,表示特指的或前面提到的 人或物,也可以表示世上独一无二事物。(注:形容词最高 级前用the) ___moon ___earth ___sun ___Great Wall 3. 名词前用a、 an、 the,但名字前不能用a、 an、 the。 练*:用a、 an、 the填空。 1. That’s ____ island. ______ island is big. 2. I have ____ new book. Jenny has____ old book. 3. Yesterday I studied English____ hour. 4. This is ____ bag. _____ bag is Tom’s. 5. _____ man is Lisa’s father. 6. Tom wants to be ___ scientist. He wants to go to ____ moon. 7. Jenny has ___ uncle and ____ cousin. 8. I have ____ eraser. _____ eraser is in my bag. 9. ____ boy is Tom’s brother. He is ____ good student. 10. There is ____ English book on ____ desk. ____ English book is Tom’s.
11. I have ___ book, It is ___ English book. And it has ___good story. ___ book is in my bag.

12. There is ____ cat under the tree. ____ cat is playing. 13. This is ___ orange. That’s ___ big orange. 14. ____ Lisa went to visit ____ Great Wall in China. 二.be动词的用法 1. be动词的现在式有:is, am,are was, were 2. be动词的过去式有: A.was是is,am的过

A. is 用于所有的单数,I、you除外。 去式 B.are用于所有复数和you。 C.am与I连用。 三.助动词do, does, did的用法:

B.were是are的过去式

A. 在疑问句、否定句中帮助动词,被帮助的动词要用原 形。 B. do用于非第三人称单数的一般现在时,后面的动词用原 形。 C. does用于第三人称单数的一般现在时,后面的动词用原 形。 D. did用于所有一般过去时,后面的动词用原形。 四.many(许多,大量), much(许多,大量),a lot of(许多,大量), lots of(许
多,大量),plenty

of(许多,大量)的用法:

A.many修饰可数名词复数,much修饰不可数名词。 B.a lot of=lots of=plenty of, 修饰可数名词复数或不可数名 词。 五.how many(多少), how much(多少)的用法:
A.how many修饰可数名词复数,how much修饰不可数名

词。 B.how much可以用来问价钱。 六.some(一些), any(一些,任何)的用法: A.修饰可数或不可数名词。 B.some用于肯定句中,any用于否定句或疑问句中。 C.当疑问句是表示建议、请求、请客或希望得到肯定答复 时,用some。 如:Can I have some balloons? 我可以要一些气球吗?(请 求) Would you like some coffee? 你想要一些咖啡吗?(请 客) 七.have, has, there is, there are 的用法: A.have, has表示某人或某物拥有,have用于非第三人称单数 has用
于第三人称单数. I have two books. A dog has four legs.

B.there is, there are 表示某个地方存在有。
C.there be 结构be动词的选择要根据句子的第一个名词确定,即就 *原则。如: There are two books and a pen on the table. There is a pen and two books on the desk.

八.like(喜欢), love(爱), be like(像…一样)的用法:
A.like+Ving=like to+V, love+Ving=love to+V 如: I like swimming.=I like to swim. I love camping.=I love to camp. B.What be ….like? …怎么样?如: What’s the weather like? It’s sunny.

What are your shoes like? They are dirty. 但: What do you like? I like apples.

九. Worry(担心), worried(担心的) 的用法: Don’t worry.=Don’t be worried. 十一.be动词is, am, are, was, were与助动词do, does, did 的用 法: A. 句子中没动词的时候,用be动词。 B. 在有行为动词的疑问句或否定句中,用助动词,后面的 动词用原形。 如:_______ you at home yesterday? ______ you go home yesterday? 十二.put on(穿) 与wear(穿着)的用法:put on 强调穿衣的动 作,wear强调状态。 如:Please ________ the coat. today. She is __________ a yellow

十三.look for(寻找) 与find(找到)的用法:look for强调找的过 程,find强调找的结果。 十四.后面加动词原形的词: 1. 态动词can. may. will. must. Should 2. .助动词do. does. did 3. 其它let. to. help 十五.时间介词in, on , at的用法: 1. 具体到某年、某季节、某月,用 in; 2. 具体到某天,用 on; 3. 具体到几点,用 at.

(七)重点句型
一.介绍人物(What, Who)、问候(How)、礼貌用语。 1. What’s your name? -------I’m Tony. My name’s Tony.

你的名字是什么?      我是托尼。 2. Who’s she? She’my mother. 她是谁?    她是我的妈妈。 Who’s that boy? He’s my friend. His name’s Ben. Look,that’s my teacher. 那个男孩是谁? 他是我的朋友。 他的名字是本。 看,那 是我的老师。 How about me? You’re my friend. 那么我呢? 你是我的朋友。 3. 第一次见面问候: Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you, too. 很高兴认识你。 也很高兴认识你。 How do you do? How do you do? 你好吗? 你好吗? 4. 老朋友见面问候: How are you? I’m fine, thank you. 你好吗? 我很好,谢谢。 And you? I’m fine, too. 你呢? 我也很好。 5. 问候对方家人: How is your mother? She’s fine, thanks. 你妈妈好吗? 她很好,谢谢。
6. 道谢: Thank you. / Thanks. /Thank you very much./ Thanks a lot. 谢谢。 谢谢。 很感谢。 很感谢。 ----- You’re welcome. That’s (It’s) OK. That’s (It’s) all right. Not at all. 别客气。 没关系。 没关系。 没关系。 7. 道歉: Sorry. ----- It doesn’t matter. That’s (It’s) OK. That’s (It’s) all right. Not at all. 不要紧。 没关系。 没关系。 没关系。

二.介绍某物: 1.What’s this (that)? It’s a desk. 这(那)是什么?  它是一张书桌。 2. What are these(those)? They’re apples. 这些(那些)是什么?  它们是苹果。 3.Is this (that) a panda ? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

这是一只熊猫吗?  是,它是。 不,它不是。 4.Are these(those) grapes? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t. 这些是葡萄吗?     是的,它们是。不,它们不 是。 5.This(That) is an ant. This(That) isn’t an ant. 这(那)是一只蚂蚁。 这(那)不是一只蚂蚁。 6.These(Those) are ants. These(Those) aren’t ants. 这些(那些)是蚂蚁。 这些(那些)不是蚂蚁。 三.建议(Let)、命令、请求 (Can, May)、能力(can)。 1. 建议: Let’s go swimming. OK. / All right. / That’s a good idea. 让我们去游泳吧。 好的。 好的。 好主意。 2. 命令 : Touch your nose! Don’t close your eyes!
触摸你的鼻子!

3. 请求 : Let me have a look. OK. 对不起。

别闭上你的眼睛!

Can(May) I have a peach? Sure. Here you are. \ No. Sorry.

我可以要一个桃子吗 当然。给你。

不,

Can you take out the trash,please ? Sure . I’ll take it out . Sorry . I’m busy now . 你可以拿走垃圾吗?
我现在很忙。 当然可以.我会拿走它的。对不起。

Can you hang up my clothes , please ? Sure . I’ll hang them up in a minute . 你可以挂起我的衣服吗? 当然可以。一会儿 我会挂起它们

4. 能力 :Can you sing? Yes, I can. No, I can’t. 你会唱歌吗? 是的,我会。 不,我不会。 Can he sing? No, he can’t sing. But he can dance. 他会唱歌吗? 不,他不会唱歌。 但他会跳舞。 What can Gogo do? He can fly. He flies to the park every week. 高高能做怎么? 他能飞。 他每个星期五都飞去公

园。 四.喜欢某物(what, like),喜欢做某事(what, like doing)。 1.喜欢某物(what, like):What do you like? I like milk. 你喜欢什么? 我喜欢牛奶。 Does Jenny like milk? Yes, she does. She likes milk. 珍妮喜欢牛奶吗? 是的,她喜欢。她喜 欢牛奶。 Do they like mike? No, they don’t. They don’t like milk.
他们喜欢牛奶吗? 奶。 是的,他们不喜欢。他们不喜欢牛

2. 喜欢做某事(what, like doing): What do you like doing? I like reading comic books. 你喜欢做什么? 我喜欢看漫画书。 Does Jenny like reading comic books? Yes, she likes reading comic books. 珍妮喜欢看漫画书吗? 是的,她喜欢。她喜 欢看漫画书。 Do they like reading comic books? No, they don’t like reading comic books. 他们喜欢看漫画书吗? 不,他们不喜欢看漫 画书。 五.想要某物(what, want),想做做某事(what, want to do)。 1.喜欢某物(what, want): What do you want? I want a guitar. 你想要什么? 我想要一个吉他。 Does Jenny want a guitar? Yes, she does. She wants a guitar. 珍妮想要一个吉他吗? 是的,她想要。她 想要一个吉他。

Do they want a guitar? No, they don’t. They don’t want a guitar. 他们想要一个吉他吗? 不,他们不想要。 他们不想要一个吉他。 2. 喜欢做某事(what, want to do): What do you want to do? I want to see a movie. 你想做什么? 我想看电影。 Does Jenny want to see a movie? Yes, she does. She wants to see a movie. 珍妮想看电影吗? 是的, 她想。她想电影 吗。
Do they want to see a movie? No, they don’t. They don’t want to see a movie.

他们想看电影吗? 不,他们不想。他们不想看电 影。 五.天气(某物)怎么样。(what , be like) What was the weather like yesterday? It was sunny. 昨天的天气怎么样? 是晴朗的。 What will the weather be like tomorrow? It will be sunny. 明天的天气将会怎样? 将会是晴朗的。 What are your shoes like today? They are dirty. 你的鞋子今天怎么样? 是脏的。 What were your shoes like yesterday? They were clean. 你的鞋子昨天天怎么样? 是干净的。 五.问时间。
1. 星期(What day): What day is it today? It’s Sunday. 今天是星期几? 是星期天。 What day was it yesterday? It was Saturday. 昨天是星期几? 是星期六。 2.日期(What’s the date) : What’s the date today? It’s July 13th .

今天是什么日期? 是七月13日。 What was the date yesterday? It was July 12th . 昨天是什么日期? 是七月12日。 3. 几点(What time) : What time is it now? It’s ten o’clock. 现在几点了? 十点。 What time did you go to school this morning? I went to school at 7:00. 你今天早上几点上学? 我七点上学。 4. 什么时候(When) : When’s winter holiday? It’s in January and February. 寒假是在什么时候? 在一月和二月。 When’s your birthday? It’s in June. It’s on June 1st . 你的生日在什么时候? 在六月。 在六月1日。

六.问职业。(What) What do you do? I’m a doctor. I work in the hospital. 你是做什么的? 我是医生。 我在医院工作。 What does he do? He’s a teacher. She works in the school. 他是做什么的? 他是教师。 他在学校工作。 What do you want to be? I want to be an office worker. 你想成为什么? 我想成为一名办公室工作人员。 What dose she want to be? She wants to be a nurse. 她想成为什么? 她想成为一名护士。 五.谁的东西,形容词性无主代词与名词性无主代词。 (whose, my/mine)
1. ------Whose skateboard is this? 或 Whose is this skateboard? 这是谁的滑板? 这滑板是谁的? ----- It’s my skateboard. 或 It’s mine. 是我的滑板。 是我的。 2. ------ Is this your money? 或Is this money yours? 这是你的钱吗? 这钱是你的吗? ------ Yes, it’s my money. 或 Yes, it’s mine. (Yes, it is.) 是的,是我的钱。 是的,是我的。 是的,它是。 3. ------Are these Jenny’s keys? 或 Are these keys Jenny’s? 这些是珍妮的钥匙吗? 这些钥匙是珍妮的吗? ------ No, they’re not her keys. 或No, they’re not hers. (No, they

aren’t.) 不,它们不是她的钥匙。 不, 它们不是她的。 不,它们不 是。

六.问颜色。(What color)
What color is this? It’s orange. 这是什么颜色?  它是橙色。

What color are these leaves? They are red, yellow and orange. 这些叶子是什么颜色的? 它们是红色、黄色和橙色的。 六.问年龄(How old)。
How old are you? I’m ten. How old is your brother? He’s seven years old.  你几岁?  我是十岁。 你的的弟弟几岁?    他七 岁。 六. 问数量(How many可数, How much不可数);问价钱(How much) How many cherries are there on the table? There are twelve cherries. 桌子上有多少个樱桃?   有十二个。

How much water is there in the glass? There is a lot of water. 玻璃杯里有多少水? 有许多水。
How much is the guitar? It’s 85 dollars. 这吉他多少钱? 它是85美元。 How much are those socks ? They four yuan. 这些袜子多少钱? 他们是4元

六.问发生什么事情(What)。 What happened? A typhoon came. What happened to the trees? The wind blew away their leaves. What’s the matter with her? She has a fever. She should take some medicine. What’s wrong with him? in bed. He caught a cold. He should stay

六.问怎样去某地(How)。 1. How do you go to school? I go to school on foot./ I walk to school. 2. How does Jenny go to school? She goes to school by subway. He takes the subway to school. She goes to school on the subway. 六.问多久做某事几次(How often)。
How often do you go fishing ? 你多长时间钓一次鱼? How often does he eat fish ? 你多长时间吃一次鱼? I go fishing about once a week . 我大约每星期钓一次鱼。 He eats fish about once a year . 我大约每年吃一次鱼。

六.问方位(Where)。
Where’s my wallet? It’s behind the sofa.

mall .

我的眼镜在哪里? 它们在书架的前面. Where did you buy those shoes? I bought them at the shopping 你在哪里买的这些鞋子? 我在购物商场买的。 Where do you come from? I come from Xinhui. Where are you from? I’m from Xinhui. Where did you come from? I came from Shanghai. Where were you from? I was from Shanghai.

我的钱包在哪里? Where are my glasses?

它在沙发的后面。 They’re in front of the bookcase.

Book1 ---Book8 Target Book1
Unit 1 What’s your name? I’m Tony. 你的名字是什么?      我是托尼。 I’m Jenny. What’s your name? I’m Gogo. 我是珍妮。        你的名字是什么?      我是高高。 Unit2 What’s this? It’s a desk. And this? Oh, it’s an eraser. 这是什么? 它是一张书桌。 这个呢? 哦,它是一块橡

皮。 Unit3 Can you read? Yes, I can. What about you ? No, I can’t. But I can fly. 你会读吗? 是,我会。 那么你呢? 不,我不会。 但 我会飞。 Unit5 Who’s she? She’s my mother. Who’s he? He’s my friend. 她是谁?    她是我的妈妈。 他是谁?    他是我 的朋友。 Unit6 Who’s that boy? He’s my friend. His name’s Ben. Look, that’s my teacher. 那个男孩是谁? 他是我的朋友。 他的名字是本。 看, 那是我的老师。 What’s her name? Her name’s Ms. Black. 她的名字是什么? 她的名字是布来克先生。 Unit7 Is this a panda? No, it isn’t. Is this a polar bear? Yes, it is. 这是一只熊猫吗?  不,它不是。 这是一只北极熊吗? 是,它是。 Unit 9 What color is this? It’s orange. Look, it’s an apple. It’s red. Yes, it is. 这是什么颜色?  它是橙色。 看,它是一个苹果。它是红 色。是,它是。 Unit10 How old are you? I’m ten. This is my brother. How old is he? He’s seven.  你几岁?   我是十岁。 这是我的弟弟。  他几 岁?   他七岁。 Unit11 What do you like ,Tony? I like cheese. What do you like, Jenny? I like cake. 你喜欢什么,托尼?   我喜欢奶酪。 你喜欢什么,珍 妮? 我喜欢蛋糕.

Book 2
Unit1 What’s this? It’s a butterfly. I like chicken. What do you like? I like steak. 这是什么? 这是一只蝴蝶。 我喜欢鸡肉。 你喜欢什么? 我喜欢牛排.

Unit 3 Do you like tennis?

你喜欢网球吗?   不,我不喜欢。 我喜欢棒球。 Do you like soccer, Tony? Yes, I do.                                    托尼,你喜欢足球吗?  是的,我喜欢。

No, I don’t.

I like baseball.

Unit 5 What’s that ? It’s a pink lamp.
头。

那是什么? 那时一盏粉红色的灯。 Is that a pink pillow ? No, it isn’t. It’s a white pillow. 那是一个粉红色的枕头吗? 不,它不是。 它是一个白色的枕 Is that a brown door? Yes, it is. 那是一扇棕色的门吗?   是,是的.

Unit 6 What are these?

这些是什么?   它们是梨。 Oh, are these peaches? No, they aren’t. They are oranges. 哦,这些是桃子吗?  不, 它们不是。 它们是桔 子。    Are these grapes? Yes, they are. 这些是葡萄吗?    是的,它们是。 Unit 7 Where is my skirt? It’s under the bed . Oh ,no! 我的短裙在哪里? 它在床上。 哦,不! Where are my socks? They are under the pillow. 我的袜子在哪里?  它们在枕头下面。 Unit 9 What time is it ? It’s eleven o’clock. Is it twelve o’clock ? Yes , it is . 什么时间了?    它是十一点钟。 十二点钟了吗?  是,是的。 Unit 10 How many cherries are there? There are twelve . Look! there are thirteen
strawberries. 有多少樱桃?   有二十个。 看! 有十三个草莓。

They are pears.

Unit 11 Does she have napkins? No, she doesn’t. She has glasses. 她有餐巾吗?    不,她没有。    她有玻璃 杯。 Do you have forks? Yes, we do . 你们有叉吗?   是的,我们有。  

Book 3
Unit 1 Are you hungry? Yes, I am . 你是饥饿的吗?是的,我是。 Who’s she? She’s my grandmother. 她是谁? 她是我的奶奶。 What’s that ? It’s a stapler. 那是什么? 它是钉书机. Unit2 What day is it today? It’s Monday. 今天是星期几? 它是星期一。 What do you do on Monday? I play the violin on Monday. 你在星期一干什么? 我在星期一拉小提琴。

Unit 3 Can I have a peach? Sure. Here you are . 我可以要一个桃子吗 当然。给你。
Can I have a balloon? No. Sorry. 我可以要一个气球吗? 不,对不起。 Unit 5 Do you like math? Yes, I do. Do you like science? No, I don’t. 你喜欢数学吗? 是,我喜欢。 你喜欢科学吗? 不,我 不喜欢。 What subjects do you like, GoGo? I like art and history. 高高,你喜欢什么科目? 我喜欢美术和历史。 Unit 6 What do they want? They want some glue. 他们想要什么? 他们想要

一些胶水。

Do they want a guitar? No , they want a computer game. 他们想要一个吉他吗? 不,他们想要一个电子游戏。 Does she want a guitart? No, she doesn’t . 她想要一个吉他吗? 不,她不想。 Do you want a guitar? Yes, here you are. 你想要一个吉他吗? 是的 ,请给我。 Unit 7

Where’s my wallet? It’s behind the sofa. 我的钱包在哪里? 它在沙发的后面。 Where are my glasses? They’re in front of the bookcase.
我的眼镜在哪里? 它们在书架的前. Unit 9 What’s she doing? She’s writing. 她在干什么? 她在写。 What are they doing? They’re drawing. 他们在干什么 ? 他们在绘画。 Unit 10 Touch your nose! Open your mouth! Close your eyes! 触摸你的鼻子! 张开你的口! 闭上你的眼睛!

Unit 11 Whose skateboard is this?
这是谁的滑板? Whose stuffed toy is this? 这是谁的布制玩具?

它是我的滑板。 It’s mine. 它是我的。

It’s my skateboard.

Book 4
Unit 1 These are Gogo’s shoulders. Touch Gogo’s toes. 这些是高高的肩膀。 触摸高高的脚趾。 What are you doing , Jenny ? I am moving my desk. 珍妮,你在干什么? 我在移动我的书桌。 Unit 2 Are you sleeping? No, I’m not. I’m thinking. 你正在睡觉吗? 不,我正在想。 Is he practicing volleyball? No, he isn’t. He’s practicing basketball. 他正在练*排球吗? 不,他不是。 他正在练*篮 球。 Unit 3 Is she doing the dishes? No, she’s not. She’s washing the clothes. 她正在洗碟子吗? 不,她不是。 她正在洗衣 服。 Are they cleaning the windows? Yes , they are . 他们正在清洁窗户吗? 是,他们是。 Unit 5 What are you dong? I’m going to the bank. Is she going to the bank? 你正在干什么? 我正在去银行。 她正在去银行 吗?

No, she’s going to the park. Are they going to the beach? Yes, they are. 不,她正在去公园。 他们正在去海滩吗? 是,他 们是。 Unit 6 What time is it? It’s 7:10. It’s time to get dressed. Brush your teeth, Jenny! 什么时间了? 7:10 。 该穿衣服了。 珍妮,刷你 的牙! What time do you go to school? I go to school at 7:30. 你什么时间去上学? 我在7:30去上学。 Unit 7 What do you like? I like riding my scooter. 你喜欢干什么? 我喜欢滑我的滑板。 Do you like reading comic books? Yes, I do . 你喜欢看漫画书吗? 是,我喜欢。 Unit 9 Is this your money? No, it’s not . 这钱是你的吗? 不,它不是。 Are these Mom’s keys? I don’t know . 这些是妈妈的钥匙吗? 我不知道。 Is this hers ? Yes, it is . 这是她的吗? 是,它是。 Unit 10 What do you want to do ? I want to see a movie. 你想去干什么? 我想去看电影。 Do you want to take a walk? Sure. 你想去散步吗? 当然。 Do you want to go home ? Not, really. I want to go to the park . 你想回家吗? 真的不想。 我想去公园。 Unit 11 What do you do ? I’m a nurse . 你是干什么的? 我是一位护士。 What do you want to be ? I want to be a teacher . 你想成为什么? 我想成为一位教师。

Book 5
Unit 1 Is this your dictionary? dictionary. No, it isn’t. It’s Tony’s
这是你的字典吗? 不,它不是。 What does she do ? She’s a doctor. 她是干什么的? 她是一位医生。 它是托尼的字典。

Unit 2

Do you have any envelopes? Yes ,I do . 你有一些信封吗? 是,我有。

Do you have any stamps? No , I don’t. 你有一些邮票吗? 不,我没有。 Does Jenny have any stamps? Yes , she does. 珍妮有一些邮票吗? 是,她有。

Unit 3 What do you have?
盐。 ,too. 些豆腐。

你有什么? 我有一些糖。 Do we have any salt ? No, we don’t. We need some salt. 我们有一些盐吗? 不,我们没有。 我们需要一些 Do we have any tofu? 我们有一些豆腐吗? No , we don’t . We need some tofu 我们也需要一 不,我们没有。

I have some sugar.

Unit 5 What’s the weather like in spring? in spring.

It’s rainy

在春天天气怎样? 在春天有雨。 Is it rainy in fall ? No , it isn’t . I t’s windy. 在秋天有雨吗? 不,没有。 它有风。 What’s the weather like today? It’s sunny and windy . 今天天气怎样? 它是晴朗的和有风的。

Unit 6 When’s winter holiday? and February.
February. 寒假在什么时候? Is January after February ? 一月在二月之后吗?

It’s in January

它在一月和二月之间。 No , January is before 不,一月在二月之前。

Unit 7

When’s your birthday ? on October 20th .
birthday. 今天是几号?

My birthday is

你的生日在什么时候? 我的生日在十月二十日。 What’s the date today? It’s October 20th . Today is my 十月二十日。 今天是我的生日。

Unit 9 Your bedroom was messy this morning . Is it tidy now? Yes , it is .

你的卧室今天早上是凌乱的。 它现在是整洁的吗? 是,它是。 My books were on the floor this morning . They are on the desk now. 我的书今天早上在地板上。 它们现在在书桌 上。

Unit 10 Did you study yesterday ? ( Yes, I did . )
你昨天学*吗?

No, I didn’t.
( 我有。)

不,我没有,

.

What did you do yesterday , Ben ?

I planted trees yesterday

本,你昨天干什么? 我昨天种树。 Unit 11 What did you do yesterday? I played basketball. 你昨天干什么? 我打篮球。 What did you do the day before yesterday ? I played basketball , of course. 你前天干什么? 我当然打篮球。

Book 6
Unit 1 Where were you yesterday ? I was in Canada . 昨天你在哪里? 在加拿大。 What was the food like ? It was tasty . 食物怎样?它是美味的。

Unit 2

What did you do this morning?

I read comic

books .
the park. 园。 Unit3 my hat. 子。

今天早上你做了什么? 我读漫画书。 Did you go to the beach after that? No , I didn’t. I went to 之后你去了沙滩吗? 不,我不是。 我去了公

What a mess! There was a typhoon. 多么凌乱啊! 有台风。 What happened? Many trees fell. The wind blew away 发生什么事啦? 许多树倒塌了。 风吹走了我的帽

Unit 5 today?

今天你打算干什么? 我打算写信。 Are you going to write to your uncle? No, I’m going to write to my aunt. 你打算写给你的叔叔吗? 不,我打算写给我的 阿姨。

What are you going to do I’m going to write letters.

Unit 6 What are you going to do in the vacation ? I’m going to surf the net
books. 在假期里你打算干什么? What are you going to do ? 你打算干什么? 我打算上网。 I’m going to read some 我打算读一些书。

Unit7

What’s the matter with you? I

have a stomachache. You should take some medicine.
你怎么啦? 我胃痛。 你应该服药。 What’s the matter with you ? I have a cold . You should stay in bed . 你怎么啦? 我感冒。 你应该躺在床上。 What’s the matter with you ? I hurt my foot. Be careful next time . 你怎么啦? 我脚痛。 下次小心。

Unit9 What will the weather be like tomorrow morning? It will be cold. There will be snow.

明天早上天气将会怎样? 将会寒冷。 将会有雪。 What will the weather be like in the afternoon? It will be warm and sunny . 下午天气将会怎样? 将会温暖和晴朗。

Unit10 Will there be living room in your new apartment? Yes , there will .
Unit11 Can you take out the trash in a minute ,please ? Sure . I’ii take it out .

你的新公寓将会有一间客厅吗? Will there a balcony? No, there won’t. 会有一个阳台吗? 不,不会有。 过一会儿你可以拿走垃圾吗?

是的,会有的。

的。

当然可以.我会拿走它

Can you hang up my clothes , please ? Sure . I’ll hang them up in a minute . 你可以挂起我的衣服吗? 当然可以。一会儿我会 挂起它们。 Can you clean up my room , please ? Sorry . I’m busy now . 你可以打扫我的房间吗? 对不起。我现在很忙。 Book7 Unit1 Did you buy a bag of chips at the store? No, I didn’t. I bought a bottle of shampoo. 你在商店里买了一袋薯条吗? 没有 。 我买了一瓶洗法 水。 Ok .I’ll go to the store and get a bag of chips. I’m going to get a box of tissues, too. 好。我也去商店买一袋薯条。 我打算也买一盒纸

巾。 Unit 2 How do you get to school ? I usually take the bus . 你怎样去上学? 我通常乘公共汽车去。 Do you ever take a taxi to school ? No ,I never take a taxi to school . 你曾经乘出租车去上学吗? 没有,我从来没有乘出租 车去上学。 Unit3 How often do you go fishing ? Very often . I go fishing about once a week . 你多长时间钓一次鱼? 经常。 我大约每星期钓一 次鱼。 How often do you eat fish ? Not very often . I eat fish about once a year . 你多长时间吃一次鱼? 不经常。 我大约每年吃一 次鱼。 Unit5 How much is the guitar? It’s $85. Wow ! That’s expensive! 这吉他多少钱? 它是85美元。 哇! 太昂贵了! How much are those socks ? They ‘re $1 . Hey ! That’s cheap. 这些袜子多少钱? 他们是1美元 。嘿! 那是便宜的。 Unit 6 Is a hippo big ? Oh yes , it’s big . 河马大吗? 噢,是的,它是大的。 Is an elephant big ? An elephant ? Yes ,it’s very big . 大象大吗? 大象? 是的,它是非常大的。 Which is bigger, an elephant or a hippo ? An elephant is bigger . 大象与河马哪一个更大? 大象是更大的。 Unit 7 These noodles are cheaper than those noodles . 这些面条比那些面条更便宜。 Yes, but those are better than these noodles . 是的,但那些面条比那些面条更好。 Unit9 What’s the smallest animal in your book? The ant is the smallest animal in this book.
在你的书本里什么是最小的动物? 蚂蚁是这本书里最小的动物。

biggest .

What’s the biggest animal in the world ?

The whale is the

在世界上最大的动物是什么? 鲸是最大的。 Unit 10 Which is the cheapest notebook ? The green one . 哪一本笔记本是最便宜的? 绿色的那本。 Which is the best ? The blue one, of course. 哪本最好? 当然是蓝色的那本。 Unit 11 The sun looks smaller than the Earth but it’s bigger . 太阳看起来比地球更小但其实它是更大的。 Which is the biggest planet in the solar system? It’s Jupiter. 在太阳系里哪一颗是最大行星? 是木星。 Book 8 Unit1 Where did you buy those shoes? mall . 你在哪里买的这些鞋子? I bought them at the shopping 我在购物商场买的。

How much were they ? They were 25yuan. That’s cheap. 他们多少钱? 他们是25元。 那是便宜的。 Unit 2 边。
Excuse me. Where’s the bank? Turn left at the corner. It’s next to the grocery store.

请问。

银行在哪里? 在拐角转左。

它在杂货店的旁

Pardon me. Where’s the shopping mall? Go straight. It’s across from the park. 请问。 购物商场在哪里? 直走。 它在公园的对面。 Unit3 I’m tired . Why ? Because I stayed up late last night . 我很累。 为什么? 因为我昨晚熬夜了。 Why did you stay up late ? Because I watched TV . 为什么熬夜? 因为我看电视。 Unit5 Where were you at 3:30 ? I was at the subway station. I was waiting for my friend . 3点30分你在哪里? 我在地铁站。 我在等我的朋友 。
Were you at the bookstore at 7:00? No, I wasn’t. I was at the toy store. I was looking for a game . 7点钟你在书店吗? 不,不是。 我在玩具店。 我在找一部游戏机。

Unit6 Hey, you’re late. What were you doing? I was digging a hole for my new tree . 嘿, 你迟到了。 你在做什么? 我在为我的新树苗挖一个 洞。 Why did it take so long ? I was digging slowly. 为什么它化了那么长的时间? 我挖得很慢。 Why were you digging slowly ? Because it was hot . 为什么你挖得那么慢? 因为天气很热。 Unit 7 I had a bad day ! What happened ? 我过了不好的一天! 发生什么了? First, I woke up late. Next, I missed the bus . Then, I forget my homework! 首先,我迟醒了。接着,我错过了公车。然后,我忘了我的作 业。 Wow! That’s really bad ! 哇! 真的是太糟糕了! Unit 9 What’s wrong with you , Gogo ? I had too much cola . That’s bad for you ! 你怎么了,高高? 我喝了太多的可乐。 那是对你不 好的。 What else is bad for me ? Too much junk food is bad for you . 还有其他对我不好的吗? 太多的不健康的食品是对你不 好的。
What’s good for me ? Get plenty of exercise, eat plenty of vegetables and drink a lot of water .

什么对我有好处呢? 做足够的运动,吃足够的蔬菜和喝 大量的水。 That’ll make you healthy ! 那就会使你变得健康起来。 Unit 10 How are you going to get to Guangzhou ? We’re going to go by bus .

去。 hotel .

你们打算怎样去广州? Where are you going to stay ?

我们打算乘公共汽车 We’re going to stay in a

你们打算住在哪里? 我们打算住在旅馆里。 Unit11 Oh no ! I lost my bag ! I have to find it . 噢不! 我丢失了钥匙。 我必须找到它。 Don’t worry . I can help you . 不要担心。 我会帮你的。 I have to hurry . Oh no ! We can’t get out ! 我必须快点。 噢不! 我们不能出去! Don’t push . You have to pull . 不要推。 你必须拉。




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